What needs to be known about Ukraine?
Modern Ukraine is the independent State. On Augusts, 24 1991 the act of proclamation of independence of Ukraine was accepted. Formal scopes of UKRAINE, plugging passed in 1954 Crimea, are in accordance with the Russian-Ukrainian agreement 1991 by the actual scopes of the present state Ukraine.
Its area makes 603,7 thousands apt. km. The quantity of population is 49 million, including urban population persons - 34 million persons (67,9%), rural - 15,1 million persons (32,1%).
Administratively divides by 24 regions, Autonomous republic Crimea, city Kiev and Sevastopol. On territory of country there are 448 cities, 897 settlements of city type and more than 28 thousands of rural settlements.
A capital is the city Kiev.
On east and north Ukraine abuts upon the Rostov, Voronezh, Belgorod, Kurskoy and Bryansk regions of Russia. On a north-west - with Byelorussia, westering with Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Moldavia.
The Southern part of Ukraine is washed by the Black Sea and the Sea of Asov. The main sea ports are Odessa, Kherson, Kerch, Sevastopol and Yalta, Odessa being the largest port on the Black Sea. This Hero-city is famous for its heroic defense against the fascist invaders during the Great Patriotic war.
There are some rivers on the Ukrainian land, the largest among them being the Dnipro. There are more 2500 lakes and water reservoirs in the Ukraine. The Kakhovka and Kremenchug artificial seas are the largest on the territory of the Ukraine.
Many fine dendro-parks cover the territory of the Ukraine, the most famous among them being Sofievka and Trostyanets. Askania Nova is well known reservation where many rare animals and birds live in natural conditions.